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Tag: Aroehan

AROEHAN : Livelihood

Sericulture as Allied Livelihood for tribal farmers

AROEHAN is creating public awareness about the silk industry and get government subsidies for farmers. In collaboration with the Silk Development Officer, a study tour was conducted for farmers at Pimpurna village in Dabhosa Gram Panchayat, Mokhada.


Vhay, Mee Savitribai

In honour of Savitribai Phule on her 127th death anniversary, AROEHAN organised a show of “Vhay, Mee Savitribai”, a one-act play written and directed by renowned theatre personality Sushama Deshpande. “Vhay, Mee Savitri…” presents the story of life and work of the 19th century social reformers Savitribai Phule and Jotirao Phule. Sushama Deshpande wrote this script 25 years ago. She has presented over 2500 shows as a solo-performance at several places in Maharashtra and elsewhere in India. The play is translated in 5-6 other Indian languages. Very recently its English version is also staged.

Left Side: Shubhangi Bhujbal | Right Side: Shilpa Sane

The show was organised on 10th March 2024 at Mokhada Ashram school.
The play was performed by the brilliant actresses Shilpa Sane and Shubhangi Bhujbal, who are famous popular actors on Marathi television channels. Savitribai Phule and Jotiba Phule are simultaneously played by the actors alongside other significant people in their journey of revolution. The play presents different phases of Savitribai’s life through monologues, actions, and descriptions. While the acting left the audience spellbound, the struggles of Savitri and Jotiba Phule depicted in the play left one speechless. From young Savitri enjoying her childhood to her marriage with Jotiba, the journey towards becoming the student herself and then becoming a pivotal part of women’s education, each act was gracefully carried by actors. Other people such as Sagunabai, Tatya Saheb Fatima Shaikh, Yashwantrao, Dnyanoba Sasane and many others who played a pivotal role in Savitri and Jotirao’s journey were also depicted in the play.
Jotiba Phule and Savitribai were among the first social reformers in pre-independent India who pioneered new paths and opportunities for the socially disadvantaged, including women, Dalit communities, widows and strived to abolish discrimination and unfair treatment of people based on caste and gender.
Ms. Sushma Deshpande accompanied the two young actors to Mokhada for this performance. Nandita Patkar, who performs the English version of the play was also present. After the performance, Sushama Deshpande interacted with the audience. She said that she has tried to make this play as accessible as possible to all and anyone can present this play without her prior permission as Savitribai belongs to all. She told the young girls of the Mokhada Ashram School that one 11 year old school girl from Nandurbar district presents the Pawari version. She asked the Mokhada audience to try and stage the play in the local Adivasi languages.

AROEHAN : Health

Struggle for basic healthcare: Underage Pregnancy

AROEHAN activist Dhanashree came across a 14-year-old pregnant girl Pallavi (name changed) during her regular maternal and child health related interventions. Situated in Shisupada in Agavan Gram Panchayat of Dahanu, Aroehan has witnessed at least 56 teenage pregnancies in the past year. Pallavi’s male partner was 15 years old and she was in her 7th month of pregnancy. It is common among tribal communities that many adolescents cohabit after engagement or stay in a live-in relationship. 

Despite being an at-risk mother, Pallavi was not registered anywhere in the health centre as well as Anganwadi due to fear of legal repercussions against her. Right to healthcare is a fundamental right but the health workers refused to provide her with any service fearing legal punishment. We convinced them to get her MCP (Mother and Child Protection) Card. While the PHC still did not register her as a mother, she was referred to Manav Seva Sangh, an NGO working for orphan children and less privileged mothers. She was able to get some check-ups and necessary medications were provided. 

AROEHAN activist Sujata Ayarkar, who has worked with such cases before, along with Dhanashree went to the police station to intervene with this situation. Initially, the police officer was flipping tables and getting angry over the tribal community for “encouraging” such cases. The police dismissed the case speaking of the prevention, but what when the case has already occurred? After some time we received an off-the-record tip that if the parents of both the minors agree with the cohabitation, the case would be registered under Medico Legal Case and legal repercussions could be prevented against the minors and people helping her.

Pallavi was underage, anaemic, underweight, and an at-risk mother, which meant there were high chances of premature childbirth. She gave birth at Dahanu cottage but it was necessary to transfer her to a hospital with Neonatal Intensive Care Unit facilities. She was transferred to a government hospital with adequate facilities in Silvassa, which is a union territory inside Gujarat state. Our activists were behind her and ensured no legal actions were taken against her and the mother was able to deliver in a safe environment.

As per NIH, one out of every five adolescent girls becomes a mother before turning 18 in India. While we may have progressed in some areas, there are still vulnerable areas which need to be nurtured with proper education and development interventions. In this process, if there were cases of pregnancies, it would be inhumane and unjust of us to refuse them the health services and it also goes against our fundamental rights. We do not promote teenage pregnancies but we believe in every human’s right to safe healthcare.

Aroehan : Health

Building Capacities of Frontline Health Workers

AROEHAN conducted a ‘Capacity Building of Frontline Health Workers’ workshop for Anganwadi workers across 6 Gram Panchayats across Dahanu. The two-day workshop was facilitated by Mr. Shailesh Dhekale and Mr. Swapnil Vyavahare from SATHI Organisation, Pune. The first day of training was kickstarted by asking participants to introduce themselves by their first name and their mother’s name, to symbolise the bond between mother and child. This was followed by a slew of innovative activities to learn about human anatomy and roles of internal organs.

Anganwadi Participants place clips of internal organs on the diagram of human body.

The facilitators talked about the body growth and associated structures of multiple organs that form the entire body system. AROEHAN Team sang and enacted the song ‘Me Aye Jaduwala’, written by Dr.Mohan Des, with Anganwadi workers which is a whimsical way to remember the crucial information about body parts and also to teach others.

On day 2, facilitators covered various types of germs (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites), the diseases they cause, and the antibodies and medicines available to treat Anganwadi workers. They spoke of the indicators of identifying malnutrition and how as frontline health workers it can be combated.
During the course of two days, the participants were encouraged to talk about the challenges in their line of work. They raised serious concerns like the epidemic of child marriages, reluctance of the community to take medical help, superstitions, underage pregnancies, systematic challenges to avail necessary schemes to ensure safe motherhood, apathy of some public representatives and government officials, among other concerns.
AROEHAN activists along with Anganwadi workers, performed a play to raise awareness about Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers (NRC) and its importance to combat malnutrition among children. The purpose of such training is to ensure optimal growth of pregnant and lactating mothers and holistic development of young children as well as to expand the capacities of frontline health workers. 36 Angwandi workers were present from Agwan, Ashagad, Asave, Chari Kotbi, Raitali Chandwad and Ranshet Vadhana Gram Panchayats in Dahanu.

Frontline Workers of Dahanu play AROEHAN’s Maternal-Health related Snake and Ladder Game.
AROEHAN : Governance

Our Village, Our Development- Taluka Level Workshop

On the 15th and 16th of February, AROEHAN conducted a two-day workshop on the theme of “Our Village Our Development”, facilitated by Mr. Datta Gurav from Resource Training and Development Centre at KL Ponda High School. This programme was attended by 128 individuals, including Sarpanch, Sub-Sarpanch, and members of the PESA Gramme Kosh Committee, as well as Village Development Officers from 43 Gram Panchayats in Dahanu Taluka.

On the first day of training, Mr. Gurav explained the arrangements, work, funding, and systems at the Gram Panchayat level. Following that, guidance was given on how to identify village requirements, what finances are available for village development, and how to support village development plans.

On the second day, participants were divided into groups to learn about the various plans for village development. They were asked to prepare the Gram Panchayat Development Plan, Prosperity Plan, Cleanliness Plan, Health Plan, PESA Village Plan, Women and Child Welfare Plan, and Gram Nidhi Plan, as well as elaborate on the development they would like to see in those plans. Each group delivered a presentation regarding their work and how the funds were used. After presenting the drafts, Mr. Dutta described in simple terms how different schemes could potentially be interlinked.

Participants stated that they were able to visualise their aspirations for their villages which boosted their confidence. They also opened up about problems they have encountered while drafting plans for village development and also about their experience with CSR fund planning.  Active participation was seen among participants and their queries were followed through in the sessions. The Sarpanch of Gholvad discussed his experience with Gholwad being named the third honey village in Maharashtra and urged others to strengthen their community via the sustainable use of natural resources.

Panchayat Samiti Dahanu’s Group Development Officer Pallavi Chet, Assistant Group Development Officer Prashant Jadhav, Chairman Praveen Gawli, Deputy Chairman Pintu Gahla, Gram Panchayat Extension Officers Sandeep Jadhav and Santosh Belkhade and Pesa Coordinator Pankaj Dhangda and many others were present for the training.

हा ब्लॉग मराठीत वाचण्यासाठी खालील लिंकवर क्लिक करा -> आमचा गाव, आमचा विकास – ग्रामपंचायत सदस्यांसाठी प्रशिक्षण


मीटर चालू बत्ती गुल !

विज्ञान आणि तंत्रज्ञानाने गेल्या काही वर्षात अनेक प्रगती केली आहे. या तंत्रज्ञानाचा वापर जगातील प्रत्येक व्यक्ती आपल्या रोजच्या जीवनात करत आहे. विज्ञानाचा सर्वात मोठा अविष्कार म्हणजे वीज निर्मिती. माणसाने कोळशापासून पाण्यापासून, सूर्याच्या ऊर्जेपासून, वाऱ्यापासून विजेची निर्मिती करत आहे. परंतु जगातील काही भाग हा ह्या विजेचा अतिरिक्त वापर करतना दिसून येतो, तर काही लोकांनी वीज कशाला म्हणतात हे देखील पाहिले नाही. 

भारतासारख्या प्रगतीशील देशात सुद्धा उच्च वर्गीय आणि शहरी भागात राहणारा माणूस आज विजेचा अतिरक्त वापर करत आहे, परंतु भारतातील ग्रामीण भागात राहणारा व्यक्ती अजूनही विजेच्या प्रतिक्षेत आहे. काही गावात विजेच्या चोरीचे प्रकार सर्रास दिसून येतात, तर काही ठिकाणी विजेचे मीटर दिले आहेत पण जोडणी न करता बिल पाठवत आहे. अशीच एक गोष्ट आहे, चांदवड गावातील काठे पाड्याच्या मधल्या गावकऱ्यांची विजेची पंचाईत!! 

डहाणू तालुक्यातील चांदवड गावातील सुमारे ४० घरे आणि २०० लोकसंख्या असलेलं काठेपाडा. गावचे प्रश्न सोडवण्यासाठी आरोहन संस्थेने काठेपाडा मध्ये पाडा समिती स्थापन केली. पाडा समितीने आपण प्रत्येक महिन्यात आपली गावची सभा घेऊन गावातील समस्या एकत्रित येऊन सोडवल्या पाहिजे असे सर्वांचे मत झाले. तशीच एकदा एप्रिल (२०२३) महिन्यात पाडा समितीने गावाची सभा घेतली. त्या सभेत गावातील लोकांनी आपल्या गावातील विजेच्या प्रश्न बाबत चर्चा केली. चर्चा करताना असे समजले की, तालुक्याच्या महावितरण विभागाने १२ कुटुंबांसाठी हे विजेची जोडणी होणार होती ती जोडणी होण्यापूर्वीच ह्या कुटुंबाना विजेचे बिल येत होते. ह्या बिलांची रक्कम तर त्यांच्या आवाक्याबाहेर होती. ह्या कुटुंबात जास्त विजेची उपकरणे पण नाहीये तरी त्यांना साधारण ९०० ते ३००० रुपयेपर्यंत चे बिल आकारण्यात आले.तसेच विजेचे पोल हि गावात आणून ठेवले आणि जोडणी केली नव्हती. सभेत हा मुद्दा घेण्यात आला, आणि तो सोडवण्यासाठी पाडा समिती आणि सभेत जमलेल्या लोकांनी ग्रामपंचायत ला पत्र देण्याचे ठरवले. ग्रामपंचायत मधून सांगण्यात आले की, आम्ही आमच्या पातळीवर हा मुद्दा सोडवण्यासाठी प्रयत्न करू. एक महिना झाल्यानंतर काही तोडगा निघाला नाही, म्हणून सर्व पाडा समिती सदस्य यांनी जवळच्या MSEB कार्यालयात भेट देण्याचे ठरवले. जून महिन्याच्या १८ तारखेला आशागड च्या MSEB कार्यालयातून विजेचे मीटर देण्यात आले आणि आकडेवारी पहायाला सांगितले. तरीही आकडेवारीनुसार विजेचे बिल हे जास्त येत होते. म्हणून जून महिन्यात (२७ तारखेला) पुन्हा एकदा ग्रामपंचायत ला अर्ज देण्यात आला. ग्रामपंचायतने या अर्जासोबत कार्यालयीन कॅव्हरिंग लेटर जोडून महावितरण च्या आशागड, डहाणू आणि पालघर कार्यालयात पत्र पाठवले तसेच त्याची एक प्रत स्थानिक आमदार यांना पण देण्यात आली. प्रत्येक आठवड्याला पाडा समिती चे सदस्य आणि गावकरी आशागड च्या MSEB च्या कार्यालयात भेटी द्यायचे पण प्रत्येक वेळी बिल रीतसर येईल असे तिथले अधिकारी सांगत होते. 

पाऊस आणि शेतीच्या कामामुळे तिकडे थोडे दुर्लक्ष झाले, पण तरीही पाडा समितीने पाठपुरावा करणे चालूच ठेवले. नोव्हेंबर महिन्यात पुन्हा एकदा तालुका पातळीवरील MSEBच्या कार्यालयात भेट दिली आणि तिथल्या उप कार्यकारी अभियंता यांच्याशी बोलणे झाले. बिलाच्या रकमेच्या काही प्रमाण कमी करून वीज बिल भरायाला सांगितले (उदा. एका कुटुंबाचे बिल हे २४३० इतके होते तर त्यांना १९१० रुपये इतके भरण्यास सांगितले). कुणाचीही वीज जोडणी न करता जास्त बिल आले कसे, यावर त्यांनी काही न बोलता, स्थानिक अभियंताला संपर्क करून लवकरात लवकर विजेची जोडणी करावी असे सांगितले. वरिष्ठ अधिकारी यांनी सांगितले की तांत्रिक कारणांमुळे बिल जास्त येत होते, आता दुरुस्ती करून मीटर वर येणाऱ्या आकड्यानुसार वीज बिल येईल असे समजावून सांगितले. डिसेंबर महिन्यात आरोहन चे कार्यकर्ते यांनी पुन्हा एकदा काठेपाड्यात भेट दिली, आणि ज्या कुटुंबांचे बिल जास्त येत होते, त्यांचे ह्या महिन्यातील बिल तपासले असता, मीटरच्या आकड्यानुसार बिल येत आहे. तर अश्या प्रकारे, मीटर सुरु ही झाले आणि नियमित बिल हि यायला लागले.

AROEHAN : Change Makers

गावातील बदल घडविणाऱ्यांसोबत प्रशिक्षण

दिनांक २८ आणि २९ नोव्हेंबर २०२३ रोजी जिल्हा परिषद प्राथमिक शाळा सभागृह आवारपाडा, कोटबी( ग्राम पंचायत चरी- कोटबी) येथे ग्राम पंचायत सरपंच, उपसरपंच आणि सदस्य यांचे प्रशिक्षण आयोजित करण्यात आले होते. ह्या दोन दिवसीय प्रशिक्षणात आमचा गाव – आमचा विकास ह्या विषयावर मार्गदर्शन करण्यासाठी रिसोर्स ट्रेनिंग अँड डेव्हलपमेंट सेंटर (RSCD) येथील दत्ता गुरव यांना आमंत्रित करण्यात आले होते. सदर प्रशिक्षणातील काही सत्रे आरोहन चे कार्यकर्ते भालचंद्र साळवे आणि स्नेहा गमरे यांनी घेतले. ह्या प्रशिक्षणासाठी डहाणू आणि कासा विभागातील एकूण ७ ग्रामपंचायतीतील (रानशेत – वधना, चरी – कोटबि, रायतली- चांदवड, सारणी, मोडगाव, दाभाडी, किन्हवली) सरपंच आणि उपसरपंच, ग्राम पंचायत सदस्य, पेसा अध्यक्ष, ग्रामस्थ, पाडा समिती सदस्य यांचा सहभाग होता. 

दत्ता गुरव यांनी ग्राम पंचायत पातळीवरील व्यवस्था, कार्य, निधी, यंत्रणा याबाबत माहिती दिली. त्यानंतर गाव गरजांचा शोध कसा घ्यावा, गाव विकासासाठी कोणता निधी उपलब्ध होतो, ग्राम पंचायत विकास आराखडे अधिक सोप्या पद्धतीने समजून घेण्यासाठी सहभागी लोकांचे गट तयार करून प्रत्येक गटाला ग्राम पंचायत विकास आराखडा, समृध्दी आराखडा, स्वच्छ्ता आराखडा तयार करायला सांगितले तसेच आपण प्रत्येक आराखड्यात कोणत्या समस्या घेतल्या आणि निधीचा वापर कसा केला याचे प्रत्येक गटाने सादरीकरण केले. आरोहन तर्फे स्वशासन या विषयवार काम करणारे कार्यकर्ते भालचंद्र साळवे आणि स्नेहा गमरे यांनी पेसा कायद्याचे महत्व, पेसा गावचा आरखडा, शाळा व्यवस्थापन समिती, गाव विकासाला उपलब्ध निधी, त्याचे स्त्रोत व त्याचा योग्य वापर यावर मार्गदर्शन केले. 

प्रशिक्षणाच्या शेवटी, सहभागी कार्यकर्त्यांनी शाळेला मिळणारा निधी, अंगणवाडी ला मिळणारा निधी, समृद्धी आरखडा याबाबतचे आपले अनुभव आणि विचार मांडले. कार्यक्रमाचा समारोप आणि आभार प्रदर्शन चरी – कोटबी ग्राम पंचायत च्या सरपंच वसुंधरा कलांगडा यांनी केली. आपले मनोगत व्यक्त करताना त्यांनी उपस्थित असलेल्या सहभागींना ग्रामसभेचे महत्व, निधीच्या योग्य नियोजनाचे महत्व सांगितले आणि ग्राम विकास कार्यक्रमात तसेच गाव विकास आराखडे तयार करण्याच्या प्रक्रियेत जास्तीत जास्त लोकांनी सहभाग घ्यावा असे आव्हान केले. 

1) निधीचे नियोजन सोप्या पद्धतीने समजले 

2) ग्राम पंचायत मधील सर्व सदस्यांचा समन्वय असणे महत्वाचे जेणेंकरून गाव विकासाची कामे व्यवस्थित पार पाडता येतील 

3) सर्वांनी ग्राम सभेला हजर असावे त्याने गावात कोणत्या गोष्टी सुरु आहेत ह्याची माहिती मिळेल, सरपंचावरील अविश्वास दुर होईल.

AROEHAN : Change Makers

Training with Change-Makers of Villages

A training was organized for Gram Panchayat Sarpanch, Deputy Sarpanch and members at Zilla Parishad Primary School Auditorium, Awarpada, Kotbi (Gram Panchayat Chari- Kotbi). The two-day training was facilitated by Datta Gurav from Resource Training and Development Centre and the theme of the workshop was Our Village – Our Development. AROEHAN Governance activists Bhalchandra Salve and Sneha Gamre guided some of the training topics. The theme of the workshop was. A total of 7 Gram Panchayats (Ranshet – Wadhana, Chari – Kotbi, Raitli – Chandwad, Sarani, Modgaon, Dabhadi, Kinhwali) of Dahanu and Kasa Divisions, Sarpanch and Sub-Sarpanch, Gram Panchayat members, PESA President, Villagers, Pada Committee members were part for this training.

Datta Gurav provided information about the job, finances, and procedures at the Gram Panchayat level. A group activity was conducted where Datta Gurav asked them to prepare an estimated gram panchayat development plan, prosperity plan, and sanitation plan. We looked at how to identify the needs of the village, what funds are available for village development and gram panchayat development plans. Every group presented the problems they had chosen and their planning methods. On behalf of AROEHAN, Governance activists Bhalchandra Salve and Sneha Gamre gave guidance on the importance of PESA, PESA Village, facilitating School Management Committee (SMC), funds available for village development and how to avail them.

At the end of the training, the participants expressed their thoughts and experience with school funds, anganwadis, and Samrudhi budget. Vasundhra Kalangada, Sarpanch of Chari-Kotbu Gram Panchayat delivered a vote of thanks to AROEHAN and expressed her thoughts on the importance of Gram Sabha. She encouraged the locals to participate in village development programmes and spoke of the significance of proper segregation of funds.

लेख मराठीत वाचण्यासाठी येथे क्लिक करा

AROEHAN Self-Help Group President

Resilience and Success: Mango Nurseries in Mokhada

In 2021, three Self Help Groups of landless Adivasi women, and one of women from the Katkari tribe (a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group) in Mokhada embarked on a journey to establish mango nurseries. Unfortunately, they faced several setbacks along the way. These challenges included issues with seed quality, heavy rainfall, and a low germination rate.

Undeterred by these obstacles, the SHGs decided to make a fresh attempt. This time, they collected local seeds from villagers, ensuring better seed quality. To create an optimal environment for the saplings, they ingeniously constructed a low-cost polyhouse using recyclable materials like polythene. This polyhouse allowed them to nurture the seedlings under controlled environmental conditions.

Their dedication and hard work finally paid off, yielding successful results. In August of this year, they successfully cultivated 8,500 mango grafts.


A record-breaking win at the wild vegetables festival

Wild edible vegetables or plants play a significant role in the sustenance of tribal people residing in forested areas. Even in difficult conditions such as drought and famine, wild plants are known to be edible and readily available. Such wild species are recognized in the same way that cultivated species, and they play a vital role in resolving the world’s numerous food problems. The tribal areas of Palghar district are known for the vegetation of such wild species which serve as an important source of nutrition and livelihood for the local tribes. A Taluka Level Wild Vegetable Festival Competition was organised by AROEHAN in Jawhar. AROEHAN organises similar events under the programme ‘National Nutrition Month’ – POSHAN MAAH, with the main goal of reducing malnutrition in mind. The wild vegetable competition was organised to emphasise the importance of wild vegetables, to improve the usage of vegetables in everyday diet, and to promote livelihood options for the locals. As many as 20 self-help groups participated from the area. Anjali Daroge, dietitian of the NRC department, retired professor and social activist Dr. Pragya Kulkarni, Pandurang Pilane, a local vegetable connoisseur and teacher, Manoj Kamdi, a trainer and social activist of Yashada Sanstha, played a crucial role in selecting the winners.

The Saptshringi Self-Association Group of Jamsar got the second position, while the Mayuri Self-Association Group of Kashivali bagged the third position. All the participating women were felicitated by giving certificates of appreciation. The first prize went to Sonali Mahila Sahat Gat of Kalidhond who presented a massive total of 155 recipes made of various wild vegetables. More than 500 people visited the exhibition including students from schools and colleges to acquire knowledge about wild vegetables. J.S.W. representative Santosh Mahajan, head of the Millet Programme Foundation Ganpat Bheskar, and director of the Kharonda Farmers Producers Association were also present at the festival.